We look at the Coronavirus death rate in Colombia for different ages. We also look at the Coronavirus recovery rate and hospitalization rate in Colombia.
Several Medellin Guru readers have asked about the coronavirus death rate in Colombia by age if they happen to get infected. And we haven’t seen this published anywhere in English, so we researched this.
Colombia Ministerio de Salud (Ministry of Health) reported the number of coronavirus cases in Colombia on October 22 – a total of 990,270 cases with 29,636 deaths.
Keep in mind that the death rates we look at in this article is based on confirmed cases. The World Health Organization (WHO) previously estimated that the death rate among confirmed coronavirus cases (“case fatality rate” or CFR) is about 3.4 percent worldwide but this varies by country.
In addition, WHO held a two-day online meeting of 1,300 scientists from around the world in early July. And the agency’s chief scientist, Dr. Soumya Swaminathan, said the consensus for now was that the infection fatality rate (IFR) for coronavirus is about 0.6 percent globally — which means that the risk of death is less than 1 percent. But this can vary by region and country.
However, IFR is difficult to calculate and depend on estimates, as IFR requires knowing how many are infected, not just how many have diagnosis confirmed with tests.
The death rate also depends on a range of factors like your age and general health, as well as the medical care you have access to.
Furthermore, an analysis of more than 44,000 cases from China found that deaths were at least five times more common among confirmed cases with diabetes, high blood pressure or heart or breathing problems.
Colombia Coronavirus Death Rate
Based on a total of 990,270 cases and 29,636 deaths, the overall coronavirus death rate in Colombia among confirmed cases on October 22 was 3.0 percent. This is known as the “case fatality rate” (CFR) based on number of confirmed cases.
However, this death rate among confirmed cases varies based on age as seen in the following table:
Also, in the above table we compare the death rate in Colombia by age with Italy and China. Colombia’s coronavirus death rate by age so far is relatively similar to what is being experienced in Italy. Note this death rate is the case fatality rate (CFR) that is number of deaths divided by number of cases.
In addition, it is important to note that 76.0 percent of the coronavirus deaths in Colombia as of October 10 have been aged 60 or older.
Colombia’s Ministry of Heath way overestimated the death rate in Colombia from coronavirus. Colombia initially estimated that by May 2020, Colombia would have 2,500 deaths from coronavirus but the actual number on May 31 was only 939 deaths.
The following chart shows the daily coronavirus deaths in Colombia for over a month by the date deaths were reported by INS up to October 25:
Note that there is a lag between the dates of actual deaths from coronavirus and reporting of deaths. So, the above chart of daily reported deaths does not show the true picture.
For example, the following chart shows that on October 24, 187 of the 198 reported deaths on this date actually occurred on earlier dates. This chart shows that the daily coronavirus deaths by actual death dates in Colombia (not reported dates) have been declining since mid-August.
Coronavirus Death Rate Per Million
As of October 22, Colombia was experiencing a Coronavirus death rate of 580.5 per million population in the country based on confirmed deaths.
Furthermore, Colombia is experiencing a lower Coronavirus death rate per million population compared to several countries as seen in the following table:
For example, in the table, Mexico is experiencing a coronavirus death rate that is 1.2 times higher per million in population than in Colombia. In Brazil it is 1.3 times higher. Also, in Peru, the coronavirus death rate is 1.8 times higher than in Colombia per million in population.
On October 22, Colombia was ranked #17 in the World in terms of coronavirus deaths per million according to Worldometers. Eight countries in Latin America had a higher coronavirus death rate per million population than Colombia. The following are country rankings for deaths per million in several Latin American countries from Worldometers on October 22:
- Peru #2
- Brazil #6
- Bolivia #7
- Chile #8
- Ecuador #9
- Mexico #11
- Argentina #14
- Panama #15
- Colombia #17
The Death Rate in Confirmed Cases is Not the Overall Death Rate
Keep in mind that most cases of viruses tend to go uncounted because people generally do not to visit the doctor with mild symptoms.
The first death rate used in this article is the “case fatality rate” (CFR), which is the most commonly used measure of the risk of dying, as it can easily be measured and is not an estimate. This is simple to calculate, as it is dividing the confirmed coronavirus deaths by the confirmed coronavirus cases. On October 22, this was 3.0 percent for Colombia.
The second death rate used in the article is the “crude mortality rate” (CMR), which measures the probability that any individual in the population will die from the disease. This is calculated by dividing the number of deaths from the disease by the population. For Colombia this was 580.5 per million or 0.0581 percent on October 22.
We do not use a third death rate in this article known as “infection fatality rate” (IFR), as this depends on knowing how many are infected. The total number of cases is not known since most cases of viruses tend to go uncounted because people generally do not to visit the doctor with mild symptoms. So, the IFR cannot be accurately calculated, at best it is an estimate.
How deadly is coronavirus? Scientists are searching for an answer. As mentioned above at the beginning of this article, the World Health Organization (WHO) held a two-day online meeting of 1,300 scientists from around the world in early July.
As a result of this meeting, the agency’s chief scientist, Dr. Soumya Swaminathan, said the consensus for now was that the infection fatality rate (IFR) for coronavirus is about 0.6 percent globally — which means that the risk of death is less than 1 percent. But this can vary by region and country.
That means the global infection fatality rate (IFR) for coronavirus was estimated by WHO in July at 0.6 percent.
Colombia Coronavirus Recovery Rate
On October 22, 2020 in Colombia, 893,712 out of 990,270 cases on this date had recovered, which is a recovery rate of 90.0 percent of the total coronavirus cases. So, 90 percent of the coronavirus cases in Colombia as of October 22 had recovered.
In the month of March 2020, the number of daily recoveries from coronavirus were less than 40 each day.
The number of coronavirus recoveries have been increasing in Colombia over the past couple of months. The following are the number of coronavirus recoveries reported each day over a period of 18 days:
- October 5 – 4,626 recoveries
- October 6 – 4,512 recoveries
- October 7 – 3,161 recoveries
- October 8 – 3,685 recoveries
- October 9 – 2,889 recoveries
- October 10 – 2,584 recoveries
- October 11 – 6,656 recoveries
- October 12 – 8,609 recoveries
- October 13 – 8,307 recoveries
- October 14 – 9,964 recoveries
- October 15 – 10,164 recoveries
- October 16 – 10,170 recoveries
- October 17 – 10,466 recoveries
- October 18 – 10,827 recoveries
- October 19 – 9,667 recoveries
- October 20 – 8,770 recoveries
- October 21 – 8,164 recoveries
- October 22 – 8,817 recoveries
A WHO analysis of Chinese coronavirus data showed that it takes two weeks on average to recover from COVID-19.
Recovery time also depends on how sick you become in the first place. Some people will recover quickly. But for others an infection could leave lasting problems.
Most people who are infected with COVID-19 develop only the main symptoms, which are a cough or fever. In addition, they could experience headaches, body aches, fatigue and a sore throat. These symptoms are treated with plenty of fluids, bed rest and pain medication.
Colombia Coronavirus Hospitalization Rate
On October 22, Colombia had 64,651 active coronavirus cases. The vast majority of active coronavirus cases in Colombia are isolated at home and treated at home.
A total of 28.2 percent of active cases were hospitalized in Colombia on October 22 according to INS out of the active cases that have not recovered or died.
On October 22, 16,268 active and confirmed coronavirus cases were in hospital rooms plus another 1,961 confirmed cases in the ICU for a total of 18,229 cases in the hospital.
The following are the counts of confirmed coronavirus cases hospitalized in Colombia by day including how many were in the ICU from October 11 to October 22:
- October 11 – 17,328 total hospitalized, including 2,034 in the ICU
- October 12 – 17,429 total hospitalized, including 2,047 in the ICU
- October 13 – 17,426 total hospitalized, including 2,047 in the ICU
- October 14 – 17,612 total hospitalized, including 2,071 in the ICU
- October 15 – 17,141 total hospitalized, including 1,902 in the ICU
- October 16 – 17,438 total hospitalized, including 1,939 in the ICU
- October 17 – 17,515 total hospitalized, including 1,958 in the ICU
- October 18 – 17,595 total hospitalized, including 1,931 in the ICU
- October 19 – 17,668 total hospitalized, including 1,931 in the ICU
- October 20 – 17,880 total hospitalized, including 1,929 in the ICU
- October 21 – 17,997 total hospitalized, including 1,962 in the ICU
- October 22 – 18,229 total hospitalized, including 1,961 in the ICU
So, the number of confirmed coronavirus cases in the ICU in Colombia hasn’t grown very much as the number of coronavirus cases grew dramatically over these 12 days. The coronavirus case count in Colombia increased by a total of 78,954 cases over these 12 days and less than 1 percent of these new cases over these 12 days ended up in the ICU.
However, keep in mind that unconfirmed but suspected coronavirus cases are in the ICU not included in the above numbers and there are other types of patients in the ICUs. So, ICU utilization has surpassed 70 percent in some cities in Colombia.
If you want to see hospitalization rates in cities and towns in Colombia you can see this on the Instituto Nacional de Salud (INS) website. There is a muncipio tab where you can find coronavirus information including hospitalization rates by municipality in Colombia.
We have a separate article that look at coronavirus hospitalization in Colombia in more detail including the capacity of hospitals and ICU rooms in Colombia and ICU utilization in a few cities.
Healthcare in Colombia
Colombia has 24 of the top 58 clinics and hospitals in Latin America, according to a study in late 2019 by América Economia. So, 41 percent of the best hospitals in Latin America are found in Colombia. Nine of these best hospitals in Latin America are located in Medellín and nine are in Bogotá.
In 2018, Colombia had 23 of the top 58 hospitals. So, the count in 2019 increased to 24 of the top 58 clinics and hospitals in Latin America for 2019.
In addition, the World Health Organization (WHO) ranks Colombia’s healthcare system as #22 out of 191 countries it ranked. And no other countries in Latin America were ranked higher than Colombia. So, according to WHO, Colombia has the best healthcare system in Latin America.
Also, Colombia’s healthcare system is ranked higher than many wealthier countries like the United States (#37), Germany (#25), Canada (#30) and Australia (#32).
In Colombia, it is possible to have access to world-class healthcare at a fraction of the cost compared to the healthcare costs in North America or Europe. Furthermore, the costs for healthcare in Colombia can be significantly lower than the costs found in the U.S.
Due to having the best healthcare system in Latin America, Colombia is probably better positioned than many other countries in Latin America to handle coronavirus.
Health Insurance in Colombia
Health insurance is relatively inexpensive in Colombia and will cover you if you happen to catch COVID-19.
One of the reasons that Colombia has such a highly rated healthcare system is due to a new constitution that Colombia drafted in 1991 that made access to healthcare a basic human right to all citizens of Colombia, as well as foreign residents of Colombia.
There are three types of health insurance available in Colombia:
- EPS – Entidadas Promotoras de Salud– this is the public health insurance that is mandatory for everybody who is a resident of Colombia. The monthly premium is calculated as 12.5 percent of the monthly gross income that you declare to the EPS.
- Prepagada – this is private healthcare insurance in Colombia. The monthly premium for Prepagada varies depending on your age, the plan you choose and any pre-existing conditions.
- SISBEN – this is a free government subsidized healthcare system, which is only for very poor or homeless Colombians.
We partnered with Angela Berrio, who is a bilingual insurance broker who speaks English and Spanish. And she has many foreigner clients.
Angela’s company offers insurance services to all foreigners and Colombians who need assistance in their process of finding the best insurance protection while living in Colombia. With over ten years of experience, they design the plan that best fits your needs allowing you to enjoy your life abroad.
Medellin Guru’s Coronavirus Series
Medellin Guru has a series of articles about the coronavirus pandemic and the impacts in Colombia: Also, these articles are being kept up-to-date, as this is a fast-moving topic:
- Coronavirus Cases Increase in Medellín: What Happens Next?
- Colombia’s Quarantine Ends on September 1: New Phase Starts
- New Normal in Medellín: Medellín is Returning to Normal
- Tourism Impact of Coronavirus: Colombia Starts to Reactivate Tourism
- Economy Impacts in Colombia Due to Extended Quarantine
- Epicenter of Coronavirus in Colombia: Bogotá is the Epicenter
- Medellín Plans the Total Reopening of Economic Activities in the City
- When Will the Quarantine End in Colombia? On September 1?
- Humanitarian Flights from Colombia to the U.S. and Other Countries
- Beware of Fake News in Colombia About Coronavirus and Quarantines
- Reopening Gymnasiums, Churches and Movie Theaters in Colombia
- Reopening Amusement Parks, Zoos and Nature Reserves in Colombia
- Medellín Starts Free COVID-19 Tests on the Medellín Metro
- New COVID-19 Preventive Measures in Medellín to Contain the Pandemic
- Penalties for Violating the Quarantine in Medellín are Stiff
- COVID-19 Orange Alert in Bogotá: New Lockdowns in Bogotá
- Medellín Starts to Lift the Quarantine: Enters Smart Isolation Phase
- Colombia Started to Lift the Quarantine – What Does this Mean?
- Coronavirus: When Will the Quarantine Be Lifted in Colombia?
- Colombia Starts to Lift the Quarantine in COVID-19 Free Areas
- Colombia Quarantine: Nationwide Quarantine Extended to September 1
- Coronavirus in Colombia: Myth vs Reality – Current Status
- Coronavirus Hospitalization in Colombia: Myth vs Reality
- Are Medellín and Antioquia Winning the Coronavirus Battle?
- 23 Cities with a Major Increase in Coronavirus Cases in Colombia
- Colombia Coronavirus Death Rate: What are the Chances of Dying?
- Coronavirus: When Will Things Return to Normal in Colombia?
- COVID-19 Testing in Colombia: Realty About Coronavirus Testing
- Life as an Expat: During Medellín’s Coronavirus Quarantine
- Colombian Visa Process Changes: Due to Quarantine and Coronavirus
- Medellín Coronavirus Closures – What is Closed in Medellín?
- Pico y Cedula: A Restriction for Grocery Shopping in the Aburrá Valley During the Quarantine
- Pico y Cedula in Colombia: Which is Strictest Out of 5 Largest Cities?
- Medellín Quarantine Starts on March 20 for Four Days
The Bottom Line: Colombia Coronavirus Death Rate – What are the Chances of Dying?
Colombia is experiencing a lower coronavirus death rate per million than in several other countries in Latin America including Brazil, Chile, Mexico and Peru.
The bottom line answer to foreigners asking about the Colombia coronavirus death rate is that you have a higher chance of dying the older you are. This is just like in other countries.
The lowest death rate in Colombia out of confirmed cases is for those aged 9 or under – only 0.1 percent as of October 18. This compares to 29.8 percent for those over 80 years-old.
Also, underlying health conditions such as asthma, cancer, pulmonary disease, heart disease, kidney disease, liver disease and diabetes put you at greater risk with coronavirus.
Stay safe! And protect yourself from COVID-19 by:
- Staying home as much as possible.
- Avoiding close contact with people who are sick.
- Put distance between yourself and other people when you are out.
- Avoid touching your eyes, nose, and mouth with unwashed hands.
- Wash your hands often with soap and water for at least 20 seconds.
- Wear a face mask.
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Editors note: updated on September 11, 2020 with Colombia coronavirus, death, recovery and hospitalization statistics from September 10.
Editors note: updated on September 19, 2020 with Colombia coronavirus, death, recovery and hospitalization statistics from September 18.
Editors note: updated on September 25, 2020 with Colombia coronavirus, death, recovery and hospitalization statistics from September 24.
Editors note: updated on October 1, 2020 with Colombia coronavirus, death, recovery and hospitalization statistics from September 30.
Editors note: updated on October 11, 2020 with Colombia coronavirus, death, recovery and hospitalization statistics from October 10.
Editors note: updated on October 19, 2020 with Colombia coronavirus, death, recovery and hospitalization statistics from October 18.
Editors note: updated on October 23, 2020 with Colombia coronavirus, death, recovery and hospitalization statistics from October 22.