We look at the Coronavirus death rate in Colombia for different ages. We also look at the Coronavirus recovery rate and hospitalization rate in Colombia.
Several Medellin Guru readers have asked about the coronavirus death rate in Colombia by age if they happen to get infected. And we haven’t seen this published anywhere, so we researched this.
Colombia Ministerio de Salud (Ministry of Health) reported the number of coronavirus cases in Colombia on May 25 – a total of 21,981 cases with 750 deaths.
Keep in mind that the death rates we look at in this article is based on confirmed cases. The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that the death rate among confirmed coronavirus cases is about 3.4 percent worldwide.
However, each country has its own way of deciding who gets tested for COVID-19. So, comparing death rates with confirmed cases between countries can be misleading.
The death rate also depends on a range of factors like your age and general health, as well as the medical care you have access to.
Furthermore, an analysis of more than 44,000 cases from China found that deaths were at least five times more common among confirmed cases with diabetes, high blood pressure or heart or breathing problems.
Colombia Coronavirus Death Rate
Based on a total of 750 deaths and 21,981 cases, the overall coronavirus death rate among confirmed cases in Colombia on May 25 was 3.4 percent.
However, this death rate varies based on age as seen in the following table:
Also, in the above table we compare the death rate in Colombia by age with Italy and China. Colombia’s coronavirus death rate by age so far is relatively similar to what is being experienced in Italy.
Colombia’s Ministry of Heath way overestimated the death rate in Colombia from coronavirus. Colombia initially estimated that by May 2020, Colombia would have 2,500 deaths from coronavirus but the actual number on May 25 was only 750 deaths.
The following chart shows the daily coronavirus deaths in Colombia.
As of May 25, Colombia was experiencing a Coronavirus death rate of only 14.8 per million population in the country. Also, Colombia is experiencing a lower Coronavirus death rate per million population compared to many countries as seen in the following table:
For example, in the table, Panama is experiencing a coronavirus death rate that is 6.5 times higher per million in population than in Colombia. In Ecuador the coronavirus death rate is 16.4 times higher and in Spain it is 51.8 times higher than in Colombia per million in population.
The Death Rate in Confirmed Cases is Not the Overall Death Rate
Keep in mind that most cases of viruses tend to go uncounted because people generally do not to visit the doctor with mild symptoms.
This is a major reason why calculating the death rate among confirmed cases is a bad estimate of the true death rate, as this overestimates the severity by missing many cases.
But the death rate can also be underestimated. You can underestimate the death rate by not considering the people who are currently infected that may eventually die.
Also, the death rate can drop over time, as medical professionals got better at treating the disease. In addition, the rate can go up if the healthcare system is overrun resulting in the death rate rising.
Colombia Coronavirus Recovery Rate
On May 25 in Colombia, 5,265 out of 21,981 cases had recovered, which is a recovery rate of 24.0 percent of the total cases so far.
In the month of March, the number of daily recoveries from coronavirus were less than 40 each day. The number of coronavirus recoveries have been increasing in Colombia over the past couple of months. The following are the number of coronavirus recoveries reported for a period of eight days:
- May 25 – 249 recoveries
- May 24 – 298 recoveries
- May 23 – 143 recoveries
- May 22 – 144 recoveries
- May 21 – 175 recoveries
- May 20 – 206 recoveries
- May 19 – 147 recoveries
- May 18 – 152 recoveries
A WHO analysis of Chinese coronavirus data showed that it takes two weeks on average to recover from COVID-19.
Recovery time also depends on how sick you become in the first place. Some people will recover quickly. But for others an infection could leave lasting problems.
Most people who are infected with COVID-19 develop only the main symptoms, which are a cough or fever. In addition, they could experience headaches, body aches, fatigue and a sore throat. These symptoms are treated with plenty of fluids, bed rest and pain medication.
Colombia Coronavirus Hospitalization Rate
According to INS, the vast majority of coronavirus cases in Colombia are isolated at home and treated at home. On May 25, only 9.1 percent of cases were hospitalized in Colombia according to INS out of the active coronavirus cases that have not recovered or died.
The following are the counts of cases hospitalized in Colombia by day including how many were in the ICU from May 14 to May 25:
- May 14 – 883 total hospitalized, including 138 in the ICU
- May 15 – 905 total hospitalized, including 136 in the ICU
- May 16 – 993 total hospitalized, including 148 in the ICU
- May 17 – 1,031 total hospitalized, including 157 in the ICU
- May 18 – 1,086 total hospitalized, including 164 in the ICU
- May 19 – 1,129 total hospitalized, including 176 in the ICU
- May 20 – 1,086 total hospitalized, including 176 in the ICU
- May 21 – 1,086 total hospitalized, including 175 in the ICU
- May 22 – 1,086 total hospitalized, including 172 in the ICU
- May 23 – 1,086 total hospitalized, including 185 in the ICU
- May 24 – 1,086 total hospitalized, including 193 in the ICU
- May 25 – 1,086 total hospitalized, including 205 in the ICU
So, the number of coronavirus cases in the ICU in Colombia hasn’t as fast as the number of coronavirus cases over these 12 days, as the coronavirus case count in Colombia increased by a total of 8,371 cases over these 12 days. We have a separate article that look at hospitalization for coronavirus in Colombia including occupancy of ICUs by coronavirus cases.
The following table shows cities and towns in Colombia with a total count of coronavirus patients in the hospital with at least 2 patients in the hospital on May 25.
Also, the following cities and towns in Colombia on May 25 had only one coronavirus patient in the hospital (not in the ICU): Agustín Codazzi, Armenia, Baranoa, Cabuyaro, Cáqueza, Coper, Cubará, Duitama, El Piñón, Envigado, Espinal, Girardot, Granada, Junín, La Calera, Madrid, Magüí, Maicao, Manatí, Olaya Herrera, Piedecuesta, Pitalito, Ponedera, Puerto Leguízamo, Restrepo, Río de Oro, Riohacha, Sabaneta, Samaná, San Carlos de Guaroa, San Cristóbal, San Pablo, San Vicente del Caguán, Santa Rosa, Silvania, Tibú Timbiquí, Túquerres, Valle del Guamuez, Villa de San Diego de Ubaté and Villeta.
In addition, the following cities and towns in Colombia on May 25, had only one coronavirus patient in the hospital in the ICU: Arjona, Bello, Filandia, Fonseca, Montenegro, Nilo, Orito, Pivijay, Puerto Asís, Puerto López, Tipacoque, Tocancipá, Tubará, Turbaná and Villamaría.
Also, reportedly Colombia has 5,400 ICU beds, which means only about 3.8 percent were occupied by COVID-19 patients on May 25 with 205 coronavirus patients in the ICU in Colombia on May 25.
We have a separate article that look at coronavirus hospitalization in Colombia in more detail including the capacity of hospitals and ICU rooms in Colombia.
Healthcare in Colombia
Colombia has 24 of the top 58 clinics and hospitals in Latin America, according to a study in late 2019 by América Economia. So, 41 percent of the best hospitals in Latin America are found in Colombia. Nine of these best hospitals in Latin America are located in Medellín and nine are in Bogotá.
In 2018, Colombia had 23 of the top 58 hospitals. So, the count in 2019 increased to 24 of the top 58 clinics and hospitals in Latin America for 2019.
In addition, the World Health Organization (WHO) ranks Colombia’s healthcare system as #22 out of 191 countries it ranked. And no other countries in Latin America were ranked higher than Colombia. So, according to WHO, Colombia has the best healthcare system in Latin America.
Also, Colombia’s healthcare system is ranked higher than many wealthier countries like the United States (#37), Germany (#25), Canada (#30) and Australia (#32).
In Colombia, it is possible to have access to world-class healthcare at a fraction of the cost compared to the healthcare costs in North America or Europe. Furthermore, the costs for healthcare in Colombia can be significantly lower than the costs found in the U.S.
Due to having the best healthcare system in Latin America, Colombia is probably better positioned than many other countries in Latin America to handle coronavirus.
Health Insurance in Colombia
Health insurance is relatively inexpensive in Colombia and will cover you if you happen to catch COVID-19.
One of the reasons that Colombia has such a highly rated healthcare system is due to a new constitution that Colombia drafted in 1991 that made access to healthcare a basic human right to all citizens of Colombia, as well as foreign residents of Colombia.
There are three types of health insurance available in Colombia:
- EPS – Entidadas Promotoras de Salud– this is the public health insurance that is mandatory for everybody who is a resident of Colombia. The monthly premium is calculated as 12.5 percent of the monthly gross income that you declare to the EPS.
- Prepagada – this is private healthcare insurance in Colombia. The monthly premium for Prepagada varies depending on your age, the plan you choose and any pre-existing conditions.
- SISBEN – this is a free government subsidized healthcare system, which is only for very poor or homeless Colombians.
We partnered with Angela Berrio, who is a bilingual insurance broker who speaks English and Spanish. And she has many foreigner clients.
Angela’s company offers insurance services to all foreigners and Colombians who need assistance in their process of finding the best insurance protection while living in Colombia. With over ten years of experience, they design the plan that best fits your needs allowing you to enjoy your life abroad.
Medellin Guru’s Coronavirus Series
Medellin Guru has a series of articles about the coronavirus pandemic and the impacts in Colombia: Also, these articles are being kept up-to-date, as this is a fast-moving topic:
- Colombia Started to Lift the Quarantine – What Does this Mean?
- Coronavirus: When Will the Quarantine Be Lifted in Colombia?
- Colombia Quarantine: Nationwide Quarantine Starts on March 24
- Coronavirus in Colombia: Myth vs Reality – Current Status
- Coronavirus Hospitalization in Colombia: Myth vs Realty
- Are Medellín and Antioquia Winning the Coronavirus Battle?
- 7 Cities with a Major Increase in Coronavirus Cases in Colombia
- Colombia Coronavirus Death Rate: What are the Chances of Dying?
- Coronavirus: When Will Things Return to Normal in Colombia?
- COVID-19 Testing in Colombia: Realty About Coronavirus Testing
- Life as an Expat: During Medellín’s Coronavirus Quarantine
- Colombian Visa Process Changes: Due to Quarantine and Coronavirus
- Medellín Coronavirus Closures – What is Closed in Medellín?
- Pico y Cedula: A Restriction for Grocery Shopping in the Aburrá Valley During the Quarantine
- Medellín Quarantine Starts on March 20 for Four Days
The Bottom Line: Colombia Coronavirus Death Rate – What are the Chances of Dying?
The bottom line answer to foreigners asking about the Colombia coronavirus death rate is that you have a higher chance of dying the older you are. This is just like in other countries.
The lowest death rate in Colombia out of confirmed cases is for those aged 10 to 39 – only 0.3 percent as of May 25. This compares to 30.0 percent for those over 80 years-old.
Also, underlying health conditions such as asthma, cancer, pulmonary disease, heart disease, kidney disease, liver disease and diabetes put you at greater risk with coronavirus.
Stay safe! And protect yourself from COVID-19 by:
- Staying home as much as possible.
- Avoiding close contact with people who are sick.
- Put distance between yourself and other people when you are out.
- Avoid touching your eyes, nose, and mouth with unwashed hands.
- Wash your hands often with soap and water for at least 20 seconds.
- Wear a face mask.
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Editors note: updated on April 24, 2020, with coronavirus statistics from April 23 and added table with hospitalized coronavirus cases by city in Colombia.
Editors note: updated on April 26, 2020 with current coronavirus, death and hospitalization statistics.
Editors note: updated on April 29, 2020 with current coronavirus, death, recovery and hospitalization statistics.
Editors note: updated on May 2, 2020 with coronavirus, death, recovery and hospitalization statistics from May 1.
Editors note: updated on May 5, 2020 with coronavirus, death, recovery and hospitalization statistics from May 4 and added table comparing coronavirus deaths per million in several countries.
Editors note: updated on May 6, 2020 with coronavirus, death, recovery and hospitalization statistics from May 5.
Editors note: updated on May 10, 2020 with coronavirus, death, recovery and hospitalization statistics from May 9.
Editors note: updated on May 13, 2020 with coronavirus, death, recovery and hospitalization statistics from May 12.
Editors note: updated on May 17, 2020 with Colombia coronavirus, death, recovery and hospitalization statistics from May 16.
Editors note: updated on May 19, 2020 with Colombia coronavirus, death, recovery and hospitalization statistics from May 18.
Editors note: updated on May 26, 2020 with Colombia coronavirus, death, recovery and hospitalization statistics from May 25.