We look at the coronavirus hospitalization rate in Colombia including the number of coronavirus cases hospitalized in Colombia and number of cases in the ICU and ICU occupancy.
Many Medellin Guru readers have asked about the coronavirus hospitalization rate in Colombia and if it is increasing, as the number of coronavirus cases increases in Colombia.
Also, many readers asked about intensive care unit (ICU) room availability and if ICU occupancy in hospitals is increasing due to coronavirus.
The reality is that not many of the confirmed coronavirus cases in Colombia are currently in the ICU and Colombia is adding ICU capacity. But there are also unconfirmed coronavirus cases in the ICU and other patients in the ICU.
ICU occupancy in all of Colombia on October 27 was 57 percent and had increased to 65.5 percent by December 31, 2020 according to Infobae and increased to 85 percent on July 28, 2021 according to Caracol Radio.
In March 14, 2021, in all four largest cities in Colombia (Bogotá, Medellín, Cali and Barranquilla), ICU occupancy had fallen below 76 percent.
But by the end of July 2021, in two of the three largest cities in Colombia ICU occupancy was over 90 percent (in Medellín and Cali).
Coronavirus Hospitalization in Colombia: The Reality
On July 27, Colombia had 87,933 coronavirus cases. The majority of active coronavirus cases in Colombia are isolated at home and treated at home.
A total of 24.7 percent of active cases were hospitalized in Colombia on July 27 according to INS out of the active cases that have not recovered or died.
On July 27, a total of 19,127 active and confirmed coronavirus cases were in hospital rooms plus another 2,600 confirmed cases in the ICU for a total of 21,727 cases in the hospital.
The following are the counts of confirmed coronavirus cases hospitalized in Colombia by day including how many were in the ICU from July 18 to July 27:
- July 18 – 25,080 total hospitalized, including 2,762 in the ICU
- July 19 – 23,163 total hospitalized, including 2,855 in the ICU
- July 20 – 22,986 total hospitalized, including 2,802 in the ICU
- July 21 – 22,944 total hospitalized, including 2,760 in the ICU
- July 22 – 22,917 total hospitalized, including 2,707 in the ICU
- July 23 – 22,733 total hospitalized, including 2,748 in the ICU
- July 24 – 22,582 total hospitalized, including 2,697 in the ICU
- July 25 – 22,275 total hospitalized, including 2,630 in the ICU
- July 26 – 21,990 total hospitalized, including 2,607 in the ICU
- July 27 – 21,727 total hospitalized, including 2,600 in the ICU
However, keep in mind that unconfirmed but suspected coronavirus cases are in the ICU not included in the above numbers and there are other types of patients in the ICUs. So, ICU utilization has surpassed 90 percent in some cities in Colombia.
ICU Occupancy and Capacity in Colombia
According to El Tiempo, on August 13, Colombia had a total of 9,483 ICU beds. This was up from 5,411 ICU beds in May as seen in the following graphic:
Three things are notable in the above graphic:
- In February 2020, before the coronavirus pandemic, Colombia had a total of 5,346 ICU beds, which were 90 percent occupied at the time with 4,810 patients.
- Colombia added 4,372 ICU beds from March 31 to August 13.
- On August 13, total ICU occupancy in all of Colombia including COVID-19 patients, suspected COVID-19 patients and other patients was 70.9 percent.
By December 17, the total number of ICU beds in Colombia had increased to 11,296 ICUs according to El Tiempo. We haven’t seen an update but undoubtedly Colombia may have added more ICUs since December 2020.
However, keep in mind that ICU capacity is not only used for confirmed coronavirus patients. There are also suspected coronavirus cases and other patients in the ICU, as seen in the above graphic.
What is normal ICU occupancy? Before coronavirus, ICUs in many parts of the world were typically occupied at well over 60 percent and Colombia was at 90 percent occupancy in February 2020.
According to the American Hospital Annual Survey in 2015, the U.S. had a 68 percent ICU occupancy and this was before coronavirus.
Recent ICU Occupancy in the Three Largest Cities in Colombia
Below we look at the recent ICU occupancy in the three of the largest cities in Colombia: Bogotá, Medellín and Cali. ICU occupancy in two of the largest cities in Colombia is now above 95 percent.
Bogotá ICU Occupancy – 72 Percent
A news report in El Tiempo in April reported there were 1,555 ICU beds in Bogotá, which is the city with the most coronavirus cases in Colombia. But the number of ICU beds has increased since that time.
On January 16, ICU occupancy in Bogotá was 92.8`percent according to Semana. Reportedly Bogotá has starting sending some coronavirus patients to Barranquilla and Cartagena where ICU occupancy is lower.
However, on July 26, according to Semana, ICU occupancy in Bogotá was 72 percent.
Medellín ICU Occupancy – 93.60 Percent
On July 30, according to El Tiempo, the department of Antioquia where Medellín is located declared a “red alert” due to ICU occupation reaching over 80 percent.
And according to Minuto30, on January 16, ICU occupancy in the department of Antioquia, where Medellín is located, was 90.0 percent. But dropped to 73.9 percent on March 14.
However, ICU occupancy in Antioquia and Medellín had increased on July 28, ICU occupancy was 93.60 percent in Medellín according to the Antioquia Secretary of Health, as seen in the following graphic with ICU occupancy in municipalities in Antioquia. And ICU occupancy in Antioquia was 89.65 percent.
In October 2020, according to El Colombiano, Antioquia planned to increase its count of ICU beds by adding 160 ICU beds over the following two weeks and add 30 to 40 additional ICUs to reach a goal of 1,400 ICU beds. However, by July 19, 2021, Antioquia had 1.379 ICU beds.
Cali ICU Occupancy – 93 Percent
On August 14, ICU occupation in Cali was 83 percent according to El País. This was down for 93 percent ICU occupancy in Cali in mid July.
On March 12, ICU occupation in Cali was 75,3 percent according to Salud de Cali. And by July 21, ICU occupation in Cali was 93 percent according to Caracol Radio.
Active Coronavirus Cases Status in Colombia
The number of active coronavirus cases in Colombia have been dropping then went up and back down and up again and in July going down, as see in the following chart:
Where are the Coronavirus Cases Hospitalized in Colombia?
If you want to see hospitalization rates in other cities and towns in Colombia you can see this on the Instituto Nacional de Salud (INS) website. There is a muncipio tab where you can find coronavirus information including hospitalization rates by municipality in Colombia.
Hospital Capacity in Colombia
Colombia reportedly has over 3,600 hospitals and clinics in the country. In addition, according to a study in 2017 by Organización para la Cooperación y el Desarrollo Económico, Colombia had 1.7 hospital beds per 1,000 inhabitants in Colombia.
This study implies that Colombia has about 85,000 hospital beds in Colombia with a total population of over 50 million in Colombia. But Colombia has added over 7,000 ICU beds..
On July 7, according to INS there were 25,610 confirmed coronavirus cases in the hospital including cases in the ICU. So, this was about 27 percent occupancy of hospital beds in Colombia by confirmed coronavirus cases on July 7, 2021.
However, keep in mind there are also unconfirmed but suspected coronavirus cases in the hospital rooms and ICUs.
The majority of coronavirus cases in Colombia are not considered serious and are treated at home. On July 6, 2022, 85 percent of active coronavirus cases in Colombia were being treated and isolated at home and were not in the hospital.
Healthcare in Colombia
Colombia has 24 of the top 58 clinics and hospitals in Latin America, according to a study in late 2019 by América Economia. So, 41 percent of the best hospitals in Latin America are found in Colombia. Nine of these best hospitals in Latin America are located in Medellín and nine are located in Bogotá.
In 2018, Colombia had 23 of the top 58 hospitals. So, the count in 2019 increased to 24 of the top 58 clinics and hospitals in Latin America for 2019.
In addition, the World Health Organization (WHO) ranks Colombia’s healthcare system as #22 out of 191 countries it ranked. And no other countries in Latin America were ranked higher than Colombia. So, according to WHO, Colombia has the best healthcare system in Latin America.
Also, Colombia’s healthcare system is ranked higher than many wealthier countries like the United States (#37), Germany (#25), Canada (#30) and Australia (#32).
In Colombia, it is possible to have access to world-class healthcare at a fraction of the cost compared to the healthcare costs in North America or Europe. Furthermore, the costs for healthcare in Colombia can be significantly lower than the costs found in the U.S.
Due to having the best healthcare system in Latin America, Colombia is probably better positioned than many other countries in Latin America to handle coronavirus.
Health Insurance in Colombia
Health insurance is relatively inexpensive in Colombia and will cover you if you happen to catch COVID-19.
One of the reasons that Colombia has such a highly rated healthcare system is due to a new constitution that Colombia drafted in 1991 that made access to healthcare a basic human right to all citizens of Colombia, as well as foreign residents of Colombia.
There are three types of health insurance available in Colombia:
- EPS – Entidadas Promotoras de Salud– this is the public health insurance that is mandatory for everybody who is a resident of Colombia. The monthly premium is calculated as 12.5 percent of the monthly gross income that you declare to the EPS.
- Prepagada – this is private healthcare insurance in Colombia. The monthly premium for Prepagada varies depending on your age, the plan you choose and any pre-existing conditions.
- SISBEN – this is a free government subsidized healthcare system, which is only for very poor or homeless Colombians.
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Medellin Guru’s Coronavirus Series
Medellin Guru has a series of articles about the coronavirus pandemic and the impacts in Colombia: Also, these articles are being kept up-to-date, as this is a fast-moving topic:
- Nightly Curfew and Dry Law in Medellín and Antioquia from March 25 to June 9
- Colombia Needs to Ramp up COVID-19 Vaccinations
- COVID-19 Vaccinations in Colombia Start on February 17
- PCR Test: How to Get a COVID-19 Test in Medellín
- PCR Test: How to Get a COVID-19 Test in Bogotá
- PCR Test: how to Get a COVID-19 Test in Cartagena
- Nightly Curfews in January in Medellin and Antioquia Start on January 6
- Nightly Curfew in Medellín For Christmas and New Year’s Holidays
- Colombia is Buying 10 Million Doses of COVID-19 Vaccine from Pfizer
- Does Colombia Require a COVID-19 Test for International Travelers?
- 8 Reasons Why Colombia is Unlikely to Return to a Quarantine
- Coronavirus Cases Increase in Medellín: What Happens Next?
- New Normal in Medellín: Medellín is Returning to Normal
- Will the Quarantine Return to Colombia? What if Cases Increase?
- New Normal in Medellín: Medellín is Returning to Normal
- Colombia’s Quarantine Ends on September 1: New Phase Starts
- Tourism Impact of Coronavirus: Colombia Starts to Reactivate Tourism
- Economy Impacts in Colombia Due to Extended Quarantine
- Epicenter of Coronavirus in Colombia: Bogotá is the Epicenter
- Medellín Plans the Total Reopening of Economic Activities in the City
- When Will the Quarantine End in Colombia? On September 1?
- Humanitarian Flights from Colombia to the U.S. and Other Countries
- Beware of Fake News in Colombia About Coronavirus and Quarantines
- Reopening Gymnasiums, Churches and Movie Theaters in Colombia
- Reopening Amusement Parks, Zoos and Nature Reserves in Colombia
- Medellín Starts Free COVID-19 Tests on the Medellín Metro
- New COVID-19 Preventive Measures in Medellín to Contain the Pandemic
- Penalties for Violating the Quarantine in Medellín are Stiff
- COVID-19 Orange Alert in Bogotá: New Lockdowns in Bogotá
- Medellín Starts to Lift the Quarantine: Enters Smart Isolation Phase
- Colombia Started to Lift the Quarantine – What Does this Mean?
- Coronavirus: When Will the Quarantine Be Lifted in Colombia?
- Colombia Starts to Lift the Quarantine in COVID-19 Free Areas
- Colombia Quarantine: Nationwide Quarantine Extended to September 1
- Coronavirus in Colombia: Myth vs Reality – Current Status
- Coronavirus Hospitalization in Colombia: Myth vs Reality
- Are Medellín and Antioquia Winning the Coronavirus Battle?
- 23 Cities with a Major Increase in Coronavirus Cases in Colombia
- Colombia Coronavirus Death Rate: What are the Chances of Dying?
- Coronavirus: When Will Things Return to Normal in Colombia?
- COVID-19 Testing in Colombia: Realty About Coronavirus Testing
- Life as an Expat: During Medellín’s Coronavirus Quarantine
- Colombian Visa Process Changes: Due to Quarantine and Coronavirus
- Medellín Coronavirus Closures – What is Closed in Medellín?
- Pico y Cedula: A Restriction for Grocery Shopping in the Aburrá Valley During the Quarantine
- Pico y Cedula in Colombia: Which is Strictest Out of 5 Largest Cities?
- Medellín Quarantine Starts on March 20 for Four Days
The Bottom Line: Coronavirus Hospitalization in Colombia: Myth vs Reality
The bottom line is that Colombia is treating a majority of coronavirus cases in the country at home. On July 27, 2021, a total of about 25 percent of active and confirmed coronavirus cases in Colombia were in the hospital or ICU.
But by mid-July 2021, in two of the three largest cities in Colombia ICU occupancy was over 90 percent, in Medellín and Cali.
A big concern is that a surge in coronavirus cases would result in not having enough ventilators and ICU beds in Colombia. But, Colombia has been adding ICU capacity each month. Another concern is for some of the smaller cities and towns, which have a much more limited capacity of ICU beds.
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Editors note: updated on January 17, 2021 with data for coronavirus hospitalization data for Colombia on January 16.
Editors note: updated on March 3, 2021 with data for coronavirus hospitalization data for Colombia on March 2.
Editors note: updated on March 14, 2021 with data for coronavirus hospitalization data for Colombia on March 13.
Editors note: updated on April 10, 2021 with data for coronavirus hospitalization data for Colombia on April 9.
Editors note: updated on April 22, 2021 with data for coronavirus hospitalization data for Colombia on April 21.
Editors note: updated on July 7, 2021 with data for coronavirus hospitalization data for Colombia on July 6.
Editors note: updated on July 19, 2021 with data for coronavirus hospitalization data for Colombia on July 18.
Editors note: updated on July 28, 2021 with data for coronavirus hospitalization data for Colombia on July 27.