We provide a comprehensive Colombia visa guide that shows how to get a Colombian visa with all the possible visa options and tips for getting a visa.
Colombia changed its visa rules in December 2017 and many posts found on the Internet still have old information about Colombian visas. So, on the Medellin Guru website we have an entire series of 20 articles about Colombia visas and passports that are being kept up-to-date and should answer most questions.
But even with our series of visa articles, we receive over 100 questions about Colombian visas monthly. As a result, we published this comprehensive Colombia visa guide with tips for getting a Colombian visa that should answer many visa questions.
Also, this comprehensive Colombia visa guide is completely updated for 2020 and accounts for the coronavirus impacts to Colombian visas.
Colombia Visa Guide: Colombian Visa Types
According to Resolución 6045 (Resolution 6045) of 2017, Colombia changed its visa rules in late 2017. So, starting on December 15, 2017, Colombia officially changed its visa classifications and now has three types of visas:
- Visitor (V)
- Migrant (M)
- Resident (R)
The new R visa is essentially the same as the previous RE visa. The previous different categories of TP visas became either M or V visas. Also, the new Colombian visa scheme added many categories of visas with a total of over 30 categories of Colombian visas under the new visa rules.
Coronavirus Visa Impacts
Has the visa process changed in Colombia due to coronavirus?
Yes, the Colombian visa process had changed due to coronavirus and the quarantine in Colombia. Migracion Colombia offices were closed for over five months.
However, Migracion Colombia offices reopened on September 21 with a resumption of services. So, it is now possible to obtain tourist visa extensions and cedulas for foreigners.
On September 21, 2020, Migración Colombia reopened it offices in Colombia and restarted operations for the following services:
- Issuance of the Alien Identification Card Cédula de Extranjería and its duplicate,
- Foreign Registration for both minors and adults,
- Certificates of Migratory Movements,
- Certificate of Migratory Movements and Nationality,
- Safe conduct (Salvoconductos) SC-1 and SC-2,
- Temporary Permits of Stay (PTP) for extensions of stay in the national territory and a category change,
- PEP-FF – this is for Venezuelan citizens.
According to ExpatGroup, the visa agency we partnered with, they were still submitting visa applications online without issues and have been receiving visa approvals for over five months during the coronavirus pandemic.
What is the Right Colombian Visa for Me?
With Colombia having over 30 different categories of visas it can be confusing as to which visas someone qualifies for. And this really depends on your situation. We have received many questions about which visa different Medellin Guru readers qualify for.
So, we have prepared the following flowchart to help decide among the most common Colombian visa types, which visas you may qualify for.
Note the above flowchart uses an exchange rate of 3,844 pesos per USD. Also, we recommend reviewing the detailed visa articles on this website for each type of visa. And in the following sections of this article, we provide an overview of all the different Colombian visas and how to apply for a visa.
Colombia Visa Guide: Migrant (M) Visas
There are 11 different conditions (categories) of Colombian M visas:
- Be a permanent Colombian national’s spouse or partner. This is essentially the same as the former TP-10 visa.
- Be a Colombian national’s father or son by adoption.
- Be a national of one of the States party to the “Agreement on Residence for nationals of Mercosur, Bolivia and Chile”. This is essentially the same as the former TP-15 visa.
- Be recognized as a refugee in Colombia according to the current regulations. This is essentially the same as the former TP-9 refugee visa.
- Have permanent employment in Colombia or long-term, by virtue of a labor relationship or contracting of services rendered with natural or legal person domiciled in Colombia. This is essentially the same as the former TP-4 work visa.
- Have constituted or acquired participation in the capital stock in a commercial company valued at least 100 times the minimum monthly wage in Colombia. This is essentially the same as a former TP-7 business investment visa.
- Have qualification or expertise to practice a profession independently. This is similar to the former TP-13 visa.
- Come to Colombia as religious, missionary or religious in formation of a church or religious denomination, duly recognized by the Colombian State. This is similar to a former TP-5 visa.
- Be admitted or enrolled in primary, secondary or a higher education program at an undergraduate educational institution in Colombia. This is essentially a former TP-3 visa. Also, note that studying Spanish is now considered a Visitor (V) visa.
- Have registered foreign direct investment in Colombia for real estate valued at least 350 times the minimum monthly wage in Colombia. This is essentially a former TP-7 real estate investment visa.
- Receive a pension for retirement or receive periodic income from a creditable legal source. A pension must be at least three times the minimum monthly wage in Colombia or income must be 10 times the minimum monthly wage for a rentista visa. This is essentially a former TP-7 pensioner or rentista visa.
The following table maps the old TP visas to the new M visas.
More Details about Colombia M Visas
The biggest change for M visas compared to old TP visas is that many of the new M visas can be valid for up to three years. But a new change in 2020 is a requirement of international medical insurance for visas including the retirement visa that may limit the visa validity to one year.
Colombia now requires health insurance when applying for Colombian visas with minimum coverage of:
- $35,000 USD for Visitor (V) visas
- $60,000 to $70,000 USD for Migrant (M) visas
- $100,000 USD for Resident (R) visas
Many Medellin Guru readers have asked about health insurance needed for visas. And the visa agency Medellin Guru partnered with has reviewed options and now offers a relatively inexpensive travel insurance policy that meets the health insurance requirement for Colombian visas.
Migrant work visas (category 5) and student visas (category 9) can also be valid for a shorter duration than three years based on the length of employment contracts or length of studies. Also, the business investment visa (category 6) may be valid for a duration shorter than three years.
M visas of categories 1 to 4 above will have an open work permit, which allows visa holders to carry out any lawful work activity in Colombia. So, if you have a marriage visa you can work in Colombia.
Also, the M work visa (category 5) or practicing professional (category 7) can work only for the position, entity or profession with which the visa was granted. And the M business investor visa (category 6) can only work for the company in which the visa holder is a partner or shareholder.
Especially relevant, if you have a M visa in categories 8 to 11 above, you are not permitted to work in Colombia. So, you can’t work if you have a religious, student, real estate investment or retirement visa.
Furthermore, if you leave Colombia for more than six consecutive months with a M visa, the visa expires and is no longer valid. But Resolución 1296 suspended the terms of early termination of M visas due to absence from Colombia due to the coronavirus pandemic.
Colombia Visa Guide: Resident (R) Visas
The Colombia resident visa (R visa), which in Colombia is essentially the same as the previous RE (resident) visa. There are five categories of R visas:
- Returning Colombian – In some cases, Colombians living in other countries were required to renounce their Colombian citizenship when becoming citizens of their adopted countries.
- Is the father or mother of a Colombian national by birth.
- Has held a M visa category 1 to 3 above continuously and uninterrupted for two years.
- Has continuously and uninterrupted held for five years a M visa category 4 to 11 above. Or continuously and uninterruptedly held a beneficiary visa of type R for five years.
- Investment of at least 650 times the minimum monthly wage in Colombia.
In addition, if you leave Colombia for more than two years with an R visa, the visa expires and is no longer valid. But Resolución 1296 suspended the terms of early termination of R visas due to absence from Colombia due to the coronavirus pandemic.
Colombia Visa Guide: Visitor (V) Visas
The Colombian visitor visa (V visa) can be granted for 16 different activities as follows:
- Carry out direct transit in one of the airports of Colombia and destined to a third country. This is similar to one option of a TP-2 visa.
- Visit Colombia for leisure, tourism or cultural interest purposes. This is similar to a TP-11 visa.
- Conduct business negotiations, market studies, plans or procedures of direct investment and constitution of commercial society, negotiation, conclusion of contracts or commercial representation.
- Participate in an academic exchange program, advance training in art or trade, or undertake different studies in a primary, secondary or undergraduate higher education program.
- Attend medical consultation, intervention or treatment or accompany the person who attends consultation, intervention or medical treatment.
- To carry out administrative and/or judicial proceedings before entities or authorities in Colombia. This is similar to one option of a TP-8 visa.
- Enter and work in Colombian jurisdictional waters as a boat crew member or offshore platform. This is similar to one option of a TP-2 visa.
- Participate in an event as a lecturer, exhibitor, artist, athlete, jury, contestant or logistical staff.
- Perform an internship.
- Volunteer in development cooperation projects or in the promotion and protection of human rights.
- Perform audiovisual production or digital content.
- Perform journalistic coverage or stay temporarily as a foreign media correspondent.
- Provide temporary services to a natural or legal person in Colombia.
- Hold a position in a Colombian branch of a company with presence abroad, by virtue of inter-corporate transfer of personnel.
- Coming as a foreign government official or foreign government trade representative, on a mission that does not imply accreditation to the Colombian government.
- Visit Colombia under holiday-work programs agreed by Colombia with other States through treaties in force.
In addition, there are seven additional categories of courtesy visas where a V visa may be issued. For example, one category of courtesy visa is for artistic, technical and foreign production personnel who enter Colombia for projects of production and filming of foreign cinematographic works.
A V visa may be valid for up to two years, considering the activity proposed by the foreigner.
How to Apply for a Colombian Visa
You can apply for a Colombian visa online. In addition, you can obtain Colombian visas at Colombian consulates around the world. In the U.S., Colombia has consulates located in Atlanta, Boston, Chicago, Houston, Los Angeles, Miami, Orlando, Newark, New York, San Francisco and Washington DC.
The Colombian visa process is fairly easy as it’s done online. You can apply for a Colombia visa online here. This application will require scans of all required documents in PDF files plus the photo in jpg format. In addition, a detailed guide for applying online is found here.
After receiving the online visa approval, if doing this in Colombia, you need to travel to Bogotá to get the visa in your passport. But this is on hold due to the quarantine. So, there is no need to get the visa stamped in your passport until the quarantine is lifts. Or if you are in another country you can get the visa put in your passport at a Colombian consulate.
But the biggest challenge with doing a Colombian visa yourself is not benefiting from the experiences of a visa agency, which has processed hundreds of visas and knows exactly what is needed for each type of visa.
Is a Lawyer Required for Visa Services in Colombia?
The simple answer is NO. In Colombia, a lawyer is not really needed for most visa services. The application forms are relatively straightforward and the process and documents required are pretty well-defined.
Lawyers are typically only needed in complex immigration cases in Colombia. And lawyers are not really needed for most visas that are relatively straightforward like student, retirement, marriage or resident visas.
So, several visa agencies in Colombia exist that specialize in providing visa services at lower costs than the law firms.
We previously looked at visa agencies in Medellín and Colombia. You can find visa agencies in several cities in Colombia. For example, there are at least nine visa agencies in Medellín and at least four law firms offering visa services in Medellín.
What Visa Services are Offered?
Each of the visa agencies and law firms in Colombia generally offer similar Colombia visa packages that typically include:
- Virtual or in-person meeting with agency or law firm to discuss your visa application.
- Provide a list of documents required for your visa.
- Initial review of documents for your visa.
- Provide templates for some required documents.
- Review your visa application to ensure maximum probability of approval.
- Apply for your visa online.
- Visa stamping service – once the visa is approved, send your passport to Bogotá to get the visa stamped in your passport and return the passport to you.
- Visa registration and cedula application – assist with documents and schedule appointment with Migracion.
In addition, visa agencies provide additional services including translations and helping to get documents notarized and apostilled.
Pricing for Visa Services in Colombia
We surveyed visa service prices in December 2019 using quotes from agencies and law firms. And we found a wide range of prices for visa services from $160 to $2,000 USD. The mythology we used in our survey was to get quotes using a “secret shopper” method. So, they didn’t know it was Medellin Guru.
To compare apples to apples we compared prices for the same visa services including sending your passport to Bogotá for visa stamping and an in-person meeting. We found the law firms have the highest prices for visa services with a few law firms even charging $1,000 to $2,000 for visa services.
Note that Langon has the most complex pricing scheme for its visa services out of the companies surveyed, with prices ranging from $125 to $320.
The lowest priced basic visa services from Langon doesn’t include visa stamping services (sending your passport to Bogotá for the visa) or an in-person meeting or assistance with cedulas, so we included in our survey the Langon price that includes an in-person meeting and visa stamping that compares to the services of other agencies. Also, Langon offers higher-priced priority services with 24-hour visa services and different pricing for virtual vs. in-person visa meetings.
Other Colombia Visa Fees
It is also important to understand that the fee paid to visa agencies for visa services is not the total cost of a Colombian visa.
There are also fees paid to the Colombian Minsterio de Relacions Exteriores for the government visa application and government study fees, translation fees, notary fees, apostille fees, document fees and delivery charges. Fees for a visa typically include:
- Visa service fee which is the fee paid to a visa agency or law firm for visa services. This can range from about $160 to $2,000 depending on the company used.
- The government visa application fees vary depending on the type of visa. This is paid after your visa is approved.
- The government study fee is paid as part of the original application and is usually $52 for most visas.
- Translations are required for documentation needed for a visa that is in a language other than Spanish and you should use a translator certified by the Colombian government.
- Notary fees are required for most visa applications. And notarizations are certifications by an official notary that verifies the identity of a person signing a document.
- Apostilles are used to validate documents from other countries to be used in Colombia.
- Delivery services may be needed for your visa application to deliver documents needed for your visa application.
In addition, if you are not using a visa agency, add in the costs for a trip to Bogotá to get the visa stamped in your passport. Also, there is a charge of 196,000 pesos for a cedula that is required after you receive your visa. We have a separate guide to obtaining a cedula.
How Long Does It Take to Get a Colombian Visa and Cedula?
The time required to receive a Colombian visa varies. The following are some approximate times for the different steps in the visa process when using a visa agency:
- Gather all the required documents including notarizations, apostilles and translations (if needed) – one day to four weeks.
- Submit the online visa application – most visa agencies do this within 24 hours after receiving all the required documents.
- Receive visa approval from the Colombian government – this can take one week or longer if an interview or other documents are required.
- Send passport to Bogotá for visa stamping – visa agencies typically do this in four to five business days.
- Register visa and apply for cedula – this should be done within 15 days of step number 3 and you need your passport with the visa from step 4.
- Receive cedula – this typically take 5 to 10 calendar days.
So, the total time to obtain a Colombian visa and cedula typically is from one to two months. But this can take longer, particularly for an expertise visa for professionals.
Colombia Visa Guide: Visa Tips
Here are several Colombian visa tips so you can avoid the common Colombian visa mistakes.
- Keep track of your time as a tourist. If you are in Colombia as a tourist you are limited to maximum of 180 days in a year as a tourist in Colombia. But this is extended due to the quarantine.
- Register your Colombian visa and apply for a cedula within 15 calendar days. If you don’t register in time you are liable for a big fine.
- If you have a Colombian visa be careful that you don’t leave Colombia for too long. If you have a migrant visa (M visa) such as a retirement, work or marriage visa and are out of Colombia for a contiguous duration of more than six months without returning to Colombia, the visa expires and is no longer valid. And with a resident visa (R visa), if you are out of Colombia for a contiguous period of more than two years without returning to Colombia, the visa expires and is no longer valid. However, Resolución 1296 suspends the terms of early termination of visas due to absence from Colombia due to the coronavirus pandemic.
- Use documents dated within three months for visa applications. Any document submitted with a Colombian visa application cannot be dated older than three months at the time of application.
- Get apostilles for documents from other countries. Any documents issued by a foreign country need an apostille to be used with a visa application in Colombia.
- Get official translations for documents not in Spanish. Documents submitted as part of a Colombian visa application that are not in Spanish need to be translated to Spanish for a Colombian visa application.
- Budget sufficient time to apply for and renew visas. Keep in mind that you need to apply for or renew a Colombian visa at least one or two months in advance. We recommend two months. And some types of visas like the expertise visa can take much more time.
- Don’t try to obtain a Colombian visa yourself in Colombia. While it is possible to apply yourself, if you use a visa agency you can avoid a trip to Bogotá and benefit from the experience of an agency. The price for visa services can be as low as $160 USD. So, why do it yourself?
Using a Visa Agency to Obtain a Colombian Visa
It is possible to apply for a Colombian visa yourself online and travel to Bogotá to get the visa stamped in your passport. Some foreigners prefer to apply for visas themselves and travel to Bogotá to get the visa stamp.
I successfully obtained three Colombian visas that I applied for my own in the past that were good for a total of five years. But for my fourth Colombian visa I used a visa agency and found the process with a visa agency much easier than doing it myself plus I avoided a trip to Bogotá.
The biggest challenge with doing a Colombian visa yourself is not benefiting from the experiences of a visa agency, which has processed hundreds of visas and knows exactly what is needed for each type of visa.
Several visa agencies I have talked indicated that some clients come to them after running into problems trying to apply for a Colombian visa themselves.
Also, another big benefit of using a visa agency is that they offer services to courier your passport to Bogotá to get the visa put in your passport. So, you can avoid a trip to Bogotá. The cost of a visa service including the service to courier your passport to Bogotá can be cheaper than the cost of a trip to Bogotá.
Medellin Guru has partnered with what we believe is the best visa agency in Medellín to offer Colombia visa services. Features of this service include:
- Online chat – get visa questions answered fast.
- Online quotes – get immediate visa quotes.
- Courier your passport to Bogotá to get the visa in your passport.
- Office in El Poblado in Medellín.
- Competitive price compared to other visa services.
The Medellin Guru visa service partnership was launched in March 2019. And in the first 19 months, 264 visas were successfully received by clients.
Also, our visa service provided visa stamping service to 10 clients (getting the visa in a customer’s passport who applied for a visa himself) and renewed 28 American passports in Bogotá using our passport renewal service. So, in total we had 302 clients of the Medellin Guru visa service in the first 19 months.
In addition, many more visas are in process – short, medium or longer term, depending on client needs.
We reviewed all the Colombia visa agency services in Medellín and found one agency that offers a more efficient visa service with more features and more comprehensive communications including online chat, WhatsApp, Skype, email and phone plus a low price and a convenient office in El Poblado.
Our visa partnership is an affiliate relationship (like the Amazon affiliate program). If you use our visa partner, Medellin Guru receives a small commission and you support the website. This is at no additional cost to you. The price remains the same, whether you use a button or affiliate link on this website or not.
Furthermore, the visa agency we partnered with offers visa services anywhere in Colombia. So, if you are located in another city in Colombia you can use this service.
Getting a Colombian Cedula
After you have successfully received your Colombian Visa you normally have a maximum of 15 calendar days to register your visa with Migración Colombia to get a Cedula de Extranjeria (Colombian ID for foreigners). Or if you received your visa at a consulate, you will have 15 calendar days after you arrive in Colombia to register your visa.
But due to the quarantine this timeframe is on hold due to Migracion offices being closed. You no longer need to register your visa and obtain a cedula until the health emergency due to coronavirus in Colombia is over.
Especially relevant, normally it is very important to register your Colombian resident visa within the allotted time frame. If not, you will be liable for a big fine of up to seven times the minimum monthly salary in Colombia. The minimum salary in Colombia is 877,803 pesos per month in 2020. So, the fine is up to 6,144,621 pesos in 2020. But this fine does not apply during the quarantine.
Due to being photographed and fingerprinted this must be done in-person at a Migración Colombia office.
To register your visa and apply for a cedula this must be done at one of the Migración Colombia offices. You can find Migración Colombia offices in major cities in Colombia.
- Barranquilla – Carrera 42 # 54-77, Barrio El Recreo
- Bogotá – Calle 100 #11B-27
- Cali – Avenida 3 norte # 50N-20
- Cartagena – Carrera 20 B # 29-18, Barrio pie de la Popa
- Medellín – Calle 19 #80A-40, Barrio Belén (the entrance is on the other side of the building on Calle 19A)
A complete list of the Migración Colombia offices is found here. In addition, we have a guide to applying for a Cedula Extranjeria in Colombia. And starting on September 21, Migración Colombia offices have reopened in Colombia. So, it again possible to obtain a Cedula de Extranjeria.
Be Careful of Out-of-Date Colombian Visa Articles on the Internet
Warning! There are many posts and articles in English found on the Internet with out-of-date information about Colombian visas.
Colombia completely changed its visa rules in December 2017 but there are still literally hundreds of posts and articles found on the Internet that still have old Colombian visa information.
Even some of the Colombian visa agencies have outdated information on their websites that cover the old TP visas. If a post or article talks about TP visas has completely out-of-date information.
We previously looked at this problem in an article about the Internet being full of out-of-date information about Colombia.
Medellin Guru’s Comprehensive Visa and Passport Series
The Colombian visa changes that went into effect in mid-December 2017 were significant. So, on the Medellin Guru site, we have a comprehensive series of visa articles that are kept up-to-date and should answer most visa questions. These articles include:
- Colombia Visa Guide: Ultimate Guide How to Get a Colombian Visa
- How to Obtain a Colombian Visa with Up-to-Date Info – an overview of all the Colombian visas
- Coronavirus Impacts on Colombian Visas and Tourist Visas
- Visa Agencies: A Guide to Visa Agencies in Medellín and Colombia
- 7 Common Colombian Visa Mistakes: How to Avoid Them
We have looked in detail at the seven most popular Colombian visas used by foreigners:
Also, we have looked in detail at three additional Colombian visas, which are less popular for foreigners:
- Rentista visa (annuity visa)– for foreigners with a fixed income
- Beneficiary visa– for relatives of visa holders
- Expertise visa– for professionals
Furthermore, we provide information about travel insurance that meets the insurance requirement for Colombian visas. And we have a guide to how apply for a cedula extranjeria in Colombia and a guide to using notaries in Medellín and Colombia. Finally, Medellin Guru has partnered with a visa agency to offer Colombia visa services.
All of our Colombia visa articles were updated in early 2019 to ensure they are up-to-date and were updated again multiple times in 2020. In addition, all visa articles on this website will be kept up-to-date as new details are disclosed.
The Bottom Line: The Ultimate Colombia Visa Guide – How to Get a Colombian Visa
Medellin Guru has received hundreds of visa questions over the past two years. So, we now have a comprehensive series of 20 up-to-date visa and passport articles including this Colombia visa guide that should answer most questions. Also, we partnered with a visa agency that can answer your visa questions.
Colombia has many visa options for foreigners who wish to stay in Colombia for a longer period than the 180-day maximum per year as a tourist.
In addition, obtaining a Colombian visa is relatively easy with fewer documents required than many other countries. Also, the visa costs in Colombia are lower than in many other countries in Latin America. Furthermore, the Colombian visa process is streamlined with online applications and is relatively fast.
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Editors note: updated on September 25, 2019 to update the income and investment requirements for visas in the flowchart in the article, which are now lower in terms of USD due to an improved exchange rate.
Editors note: updated on January 17, 2020 with current information and updated the income and investment requirements for visas in the flowchart in the article, which have changed in 2020 with a new minimum wage and the current exchange rate.
Editors note: updated on March 17, 2020 with impacts of coronavirus on the Colombian visa process and updated the flowchart in the article to use the current exchange rate.
Editors note: updated on March 19, 2020 to add that President Iván Duque, announced that starting on March 23 the arrival of international travelers to Colombia will be suspended for a period of 30 days – this includes all Colombians and foreign residents.
Editors note: updated on March 30, 2020 with Colombian visa process changes due to coronavirus and the quarantines in Colombia.
Editors note: updated on April 8, 2020 to add information that the nationwide quarantine in Colombia has been extended to April 26.
Editors note: updated on April 21, 2020 with information that the national quarantine in Colombia has been extended to May 11 and international flights banned until the end of May.
Editors note: updated on May 6, 2020 with information that the national quarantine in Colombia has been extended to May 25.
Editors note: updated on May 20, 2020 with information that the national quarantine in Colombia has been extended to May 31 and that international flights will be restricted until August 31.
Editors note: updated on June 10, 2020 with information that the national quarantine in Colombia has been extended to June 30 and updated information about the Medellin Guru visa service.
Editors note: updated on July 7, 2020 with income and investment requirements for visas in the flowchart in the article, which have changed due to the current exchange rate and updated other information in the article so it is current.
Editors note: updated on July 8, 2020 with information that the national quarantine in Colombia has been extended to August 1.
Editors note: updated on July 29, 2020 with information that the national quarantine in Colombia has been extended to September 1.
Editors note: updated on September 22, 2020 with information that Migracion offices in Colombia reopened on September 21.
Editors note: updated on October 7, 2020 with income and investment requirements for visas in the flowchart in the article, which have changed due to the current exchange rate and updated other information in the article so it is current.