We provide an up-to-date guide to obtaining a Colombian passport. Colombian passports permit travel to 129 countries and territories visa-free or visa on arrival.
A Colombian passport is a travel document that is issued to citizens of Colombia for the purpose of international travel to other countries. Also, a Colombian traveling with a Colombian passport can travel to 82 countries without a visa and 47 countries where a visa is received on arrival according to Passport Index.
So, Colombians have visa-free or visa on arrival access to 129 countries and territories, which gives the Colombian passport a passport power rank of 29 according to Passport Index. Colombians can travel to Europe without a visa but can’t travel to the United States without a visa.
Several Medellin Guru readers have asked about how to obtain a Colombian passport. So, we now provide a guide to obtaining a Colombian passport and updated for 2020. Note, the above photo is by Fredar89.
Why Do Foreigners Want to Know About How to Obtain a Colombian Passport?
Many foreigners that live in Colombia are married to Colombians and may be interested in traveling with their spouse to another country. Also, some foreigners may be interested in traveling with Colombian family or friends or Colombian girlfriends or boyfriends.
In addition, it is possible for foreigners to obtain dual citizenship after having a Colombian resident visa for two to five years.
Requirements for a Colombian Passport
Only Colombian citizens can receive a Colombian passport. The following are the requirements for a Colombian passport:
Passports for adults:
- Original cedula ciudadanía, in good condition and completely legible
- If you don’t have an original cedula, a contraseña with photo and fingerprint
- For contraseña for the first time, you must include a copy of your birth certificate (registro civil de nacimiento)
- For contraseña for cedula renewal, you must include the certificate of validity of the cedula, which can be obtained at any office of the National Registry
Passports for children:
- Identity card (tarjeta de identidad), birth certificate (registro civil de Nacimiento) and cedula of the father and / or the mother – only original birth certificates are accepted.
How to Obtain a Colombian Passport in Medellín
The following are the steps needed to apply for a Colombian passport in Medellín:
- Make an initial payment of 143,000 pesos for a Colombian passport online or Boloto or Efecty – see payment methods here.
- Obtain an appointment (cita) online here. You will enter your personal data and receive a confirmation of the appointment by email.
- Go to the passport office, which in Medellín is located in the Alpujarra office complex in El Centro at Calle 42B # 52-106, office #103 and arrive by your appointment time. And you can ask the police at Alpujarra where the oficina de pasaportes is located. Also, bring your cedula or other identification listed in the requirements above and the confirmation of your appointment.
- Pay the second payment for the passport fee of 115,000 pesos (for a 32-page passport) or 205,000 pesos (48-page passport). Also, they will take your photo.
- Pick up the passport in about four business days. You should receive an email confirmation when the passport is ready to be picked up.
So, a 32-page Colombian passport in 2020 costs a total of 258,000 pesos. And a 48-page passport costs a total of 348.000 pesos. Furthermore, Colombian passports are valid for 10 years.
Colombian Passport Office Locations in Major Cities in Colombia
The following is a list of Colombian passport offices in several of the largest cities in Colombia:
- Barranquilla – Carrera 45 between Calles 39 and 40, Monday to Friday: 7:30 am to 3 pm.
- Bogotá – Avenida 19 # 98-03, Edificio Torre 100, Monday to Friday: 8 am to 3 pm.
- Cali – Carrera 6 between Callse 8 and 10, Monday to Friday 7:30 am to 3 pm.
- Manizales – Carrera 21 between Calles 22 and 23, Monday to Friday: 8 am to noon and 2 pm to 6 pm.
- Medellín – Calle 42B # 52-106, office # 103, Monday to Friday: 7 am to 7 pm, Saturday: 8 am to 1 pm.
- Pereira – Calle 19 # 13-22, Monday to Friday: 7 am to noon and 2 pm to 5 pm.
- Santa Marta – Carrera 1 # 22, Monday to Friday: 8 am to 11 am.
After having an R resident visa for five years (or two years if married to a Colombian – see our Marriage Visa article) you can apply to become a citizen of Colombia. And you won’t have to give up your existing citizenship. Colombia permits dual-citizenship, as does the U.S. and many other countries.
And if you already have a R visa when you get married to a Colombian, you need to wait two years after being married to be eligible to apply to become a citizen of Colombia.
But if planning to become a citizen when you have the R visa and you are out of the country for more than a year then you reportedly aren’t eligible for citizenship.
Once you become a dual citizen with Colombian citizenship, you will no longer need to deal with visas anymore. Also, you will be able to travel to a few counties as a Colombian citizen without a visa such as Russia, which require a visa for U.S. citizens.
Also, if you have Colombian citizenship, this benefits you with the Mercosur trade block. Nationals of Member States (Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay and Uruguay) and Associated States (Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador and Peru) do not need a passport or visa to travel around the region, with only a national identity card required.
In addition, the Mercosur Agreement grants the right to residence and work for citizens with no requirement other than nationality. Citizens of the Member States and Associated States that are part of the agreement enjoy a facilitated procedure for applying for a residence visa, as long as they have a valid passport, birth certificate and a negative certificate of criminal record.
To become a citizen, Colombia requires a citizenship test, just like the U.S. does. You will be required to pass a test related to Colombian history, geography and the constitution. Also, a basic Spanish oral test is required. Those who have a bachelor’s degree from a Colombian university or are over 65 years old are exempt from these tests.
Furthermore, a complete list of the requirements for Colombian citizenship is found on the Cancillería website here.
Medellin Guru’s Comprehensive Visa and Passport Series
The Colombian visa changes that went into effect in mid-December 2017 were significant. So, on the Medellin Guru site, we have a comprehensive series of visa articles that are kept up-to-date and should answer most visa questions. These articles include:
- Colombia Visa Guide: Ultimate Guide How to Get a Colombian Visa
- How to Obtain a Colombian Visa with Up-to-Date Info – an overview of all the Colombian visas
- Coronavirus Impacts on Colombian Visas and Tourist Visas
- Visa Agencies: A Guide to Visa Agencies in Medellín and Colombia
- 7 Common Colombian Visa Mistakes: How to Avoid Them
We have looked in detail at the seven most popular Colombian visas used by foreigners:
Also, we have looked in detail at three additional Colombian visas, which are less popular for foreigners:
- Rentista visa (annuity visa) – for foreigners with a fixed income
- Beneficiary visa – for relatives of visa holders
- Expertise visa – for professionals
Furthermore, we provide information about travel insurance that meets the insurance requirement for Colombian visas. And we have a guide to how apply for a cedula extranjeria in Colombia and a guide to using notaries in Medellín and Colombia. Finally, Medellin Guru has partnered with a visa agency to offer Colombia visa services.
All of our Colombia visa articles were updated in early 2019 to ensure they are up-to-date and are being updated in early 2020. In addition, all visa articles on this website will be kept up-to-date as new details are disclosed.
Using a Visa Agency for a Colombian Visa
If happen to be a foreigner in Colombia and are not located in Bogotá and are applying for a Colombia visa plus you don’t want to travel, you can use a visa agency to obtain a Colombian visa. A visa agency can handle the online application. And it will courier your passport to Bogotá to get the Colombia visa in your passport.
Medellin Guru has partnered with what we believe is the best visa agency in Medellín to offer Colombia visa services. Features of this service include:
- Online chat – get visa questions answered fast.
- Online quotes – get immediate visa quotes.
- Courier your passport to Bogotá to get the visa in your passport.
- Office in El Poblado in Medellín.
- Competitive price compared to other visa services.
The Medellin Guru visa service partnership was launched in March 2019. And in the first 16 months, 228 visas were successfully received by clients.
We reviewed all the Colombia visa agency services in Medellín and found one agency that offers a more efficient visa service with more features and more comprehensive communications including online chat, WhatsApp, Skype, email and phone plus a low price and a convenient office in El Poblado.
Our visa partnership is an affiliate relationship (like the Amazon affiliate program). If you use our visa partner, Medellin Guru receives a small commission and you support the website. This is at no additional cost to you. The price remains the same, whether you use a button or affiliate link on this website or not.
Furthermore, the visa agency we partnered with offers visa services anywhere in Colombia. So, if you are located in another city in Colombia you can use this service.
The Bottom Line: Obtaining a Colombian Passport
A Colombian passport is relatively easy to obtain for Colombian citizens. Before I married my Colombian wife, I helped her obtain a Colombian passport so we could travel together to other countries in South America.
However, when I did this several years ago there there was no information available in English about how to obtain a Colombian passport. So, I had to figure this out. And now many years later there still is no information available in English about how to obtain a Colombian passport, until this article.
The bottom line is that Colombian passports provide visa-free or visa on arrival access to 129 countries and territories for Colombian citizens.
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Editors note: updated on December 12, 2019 with the current process for obtaining a Colombian passport in Medellín, as the process has changed.
Editors note: updated on December 14, 2019 with information about the Mercosur agreement benefits of having Colombian citizenship.
Editors note: updated on January 22, 2020 with the new Colombian passport fees for 2020.
Editors note: updated on January 23, 2020 to add information that if you already have a R visa and get married you need to wait two years after getting married to be eligible for having Colombian citizenship.
Editors note: updated on March 2, 2020 to update the number of countries a Colombia passport holder can travel to.